Master’s Degree [MSC] Programme

 

UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCE

POSTGRADUATE MASTERS DEGREE [MSC] PROGRAMME

 

1.0       INTRODUCTION

The postgraduate Masters’ Degree (MSc)   programme of the Department of Crop Science focuses on the training of high level crop scientists who are able to tackle all aspects of crop production with its challenges, and move the frontiers of knowledge in this area of agriculture.

The post graduate Masters’ Degree (MSc) training is provided

in the following options: Crop Production; Crop Physiology; General Horticulture; Tropical fruit and plantation Crops; Vegetable Crop Production; Plant Breeding and Genetics; Forage and Fodder Crops; Seed Science and Technology; Economic Entomology ; Plant Mycology; Plant Nematology; Plant Bacteriology; Plant Virology and Weed Science

2.0       SCOPE OF POSTGRADUAT MASTER’S DEGREE [MSc} PROGRAMME

The following programmes are offered in Crop Science.

Masters’ Degree (MSc) in Crop  Production; Crop Physiology;  General Horticulture; Tropical fruit and plantation Crops; Vegetable Crop Production; Plant Breeding and Genetics; Forage and Fodder Crops; Seed Science and Technology; Economic Entomology ; Plant Mycology; Plant Nematology; Plant  Bacteriology; Plant Virology and Weed Science

3.0. MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME IN CROP SCIENCE

The Master’s Degree (M.Sc) programme in the Department of Crop Science will be awarded in the following areas of specialization:

  1. Crop Production
  2. Crop Physiology
  • General Horticulture
  • Tropical fruit and Plantation Crops
  • Vegetable Crop Production
  • Forage and Fodder Crops
  • Seed Science and Technology
  • Plant Breeding and Genetics
  • Economic Entomology
  • Plant Mycology
  • Plant Nematology
  • Plant Bacteriology
  • Plant Virology, and
  • Weed science

3.1      PHILOSOPHY             

The Master’s Degree Programme in Crop Science is to develop high level manpower         to pursue careers in academics and research institutes and to upgrade knowledge and skills for candidates employed in industry, public service or on self employment.

3.2      AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

  1. The Master’s Degree Programme in these areas are aimed at training students in courses in the relevant areas or fields and other academic disciplines.
  2. Equipping students with research skills through the conduct of supervised research, seminar presentation, and thesis preparation and defence. 
  • ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Candidates seeking admission for the Master’s Degree in any of these areas of specialization must have any of the following qualifications from recognized institutions, in addition to satisfying the University Matriculation requirements:

  1. Bachelor’s Degree in Agriculture or related discipline with a minimum of Second Class Honours Lower division with CGPA in line with University basic minimum requirement.
  2. Higher National Diploma (HND) Upper Credit, plus Postgraduate Diploma (PGD) in Agriculture or related discipline.

4.0       DURATION OF  MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME

  1. The full time Masters Degree programme shall run for a minimum duration of four (4) semesters and maximum of six (6) semesters.
  2. The part-time Masters Degree programme shall run for a minimum duration of six (6) semesters and maximum of eight (8) semesters.

4.1       REQUIRMENT FOR GRADUATION

Candidates must have fulfilled the following conditions to be awarded the  Maters Degree in Crop Science:

A}   The candidate must pass a minimum pf 36 credit units made up of the following:

 COURSES                                                                              UNITS

Core Courses                                                                                   12

Electives                                                                                           20

Thesis/Dissertation                                                                       10

Seminars                                                                                            2

Total:                                                                                          44

b    The candidate must carry out a research project relevant to the area of specialization    and submit an acceptable research dissertation/thesis to be defended before an external and internal examiners.

The above courses shall be run in a minimum of two semesters with distribution as follows:

 

(a)        Crop Production

            First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 623 Crop Growth and Yield Analysis 2    Elective
CSC 631 Weed Management 2    Elective
CSC 625 Crop Mineral Nutrition 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles of Pest and Plant Disease Control 2    Elective
CSC 627 Seminar 2    Core
Total 21

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 622 Advanced Crop Production & Cropping Systems 2    Elective
CSC 624 Farming & Cropping Systems 2    Elective
CSC 626 Plant Breeding and Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 628 Seed Production, Processing & Storage Technology 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology 2     Core
CSC 892 Research Project 10   Core
Total 24
  1. b) Crop Physiology

    First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 623 Crop Growth and Yield Analysis 2    Elective
CSC 653 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 641 Plant Propagation Techniques 2    Elective
CSC 881 Seminar 2    Elective
Total 21

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 626 Plant Breeding and Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 652 Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection 2    Elective
CSC 636 Physiology of Parasitism (Host-Parasite Relationship) 2    Elective
CSC 624 Farming and Cropping Systems 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology 2    Core
CSC 892 Research Project 10   Core
Total 24
  1. c) General Horticulture

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 643 Fruit and Vegetable Crop Production 2    Elective
CSC 657 Post-Harvest Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 641 Plant Propagation Techniques 2    Elective
CSC 659 Horticultural methods 2    Elective
CSC 659 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 21

 

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 653 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 602 Organic Horticulture 2    Elective
CSC 638 Weed Biology and Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 626 Plant Breeding and Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology 2    Core
CSC 625 Mineral Nutrition of Plants 2    Elective
CSC 642 Plantation Crops 2    Elective
CSC 644 Tropical Ornamental Horticulture and Land Scope 2    Elective
CSC 892 Research Project 10   Core
Total 30

 

  1. d) Tropical Fruits and Plantation Crops

First Semester

Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 625 Mineral Nutrition of Plant 2    Elective
CSC 645 Nursery: Principles And Practices 2    Elective
CSC 653 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 641 Plant Propagation 2    Elective
CSC  662 Plant Biotechnology 2    Core
CLM 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 23

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC  646 Tropical pomology 2    Core
CSC  602 Organic Horticulture 2    Elective
CSC 642 Plantation Crop Production 2    Elective
CSC 623 Crop Growth and Yields Analysis 2    Elective
CSC 657 Post Harvest Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 631 Weed Management 2    Elective
CSC 664 Plant Biochemistry 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Project 10   Core
Total 24
  1. e) Vegetable Crop Production

First Semester

Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 627 Seed Production/Technology 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 671 Design of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 625 Mineral/Nutrition of Plant 2    Elective
CSC 623 Crop Growth Analysis 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles of Pest and Disease Control 2    Elective
CSC 645 Nursery: Principles and Practices 2    Elective
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 21

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 620 Advanced Vegetable Crops 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC  657 Post Harvest Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology 2    Core
CSC  626 Plant Breeding 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Project 10    Core
Total 26

 

  1. f) Forage and Fodder Crops

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 629 Forage Conservation 2    Core
CSC 671 Design of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2     Core
CSC 625 Mineral Nutrition of Plants 2    Elective
CSC 626 Plant Breeding & Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 651 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2     Core
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 681 Seminar 2     Core
  Total 21

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 654 Grassland Productivity    2    Core
CSC 656 Quality Evaluation of Pastures 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology I 2    Elective
CSC 623 Crop Growth & Yield Analysis 2   Elective
CSC 622 Advances in Crop Production & Cropping Systems 2    Elective
CSC 628 Seed Production Processing & Storage Technology 2    Elective
CSC 631 Weed Management 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Project 10    Elective
Total 26
  1. g) Plant Breeding and Genetics

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 626 Plant Breeding & Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 661 Biometrical Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 663 Plant Genetic Resource & Conservation 2    Elective
CLM 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 21

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 613 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition 2    Core
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 666 Cytogenetics 2    Elective
CSC 653 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 627 Seed Production and Technology 2    Elective
CSC 624 Farming and Cropping System 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles and Practices of Pest management 2    Elective
CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology 2    Supporting
CSC 892 Research Project 10   Core
Total 28

 

  1. h) Seed Science and Technology

 First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 601 Seed Biology 2    Elective
CSC 673 Seed Analysis, Testing and Certification 2    Elective
CSC 675 Seed Technology 2    Elective
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 663 Plant Genetics Resources Conservation 2    Elective
CSC 626 Plant Breeding and Genetics 2    Elective
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 25

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 613 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition 2    Core
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 628 Seed Production and Certification 2    Elective
CSC 612 Stored Products Entomology 2    Elective
CSC 614 Seed Enterprise & Quality Assurance 2    Elective
CSC 668 Molecular Techniques for Crop Improvement 2    Elective
CSC 628 Seed Production, Processing & storage Technology 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Project 10   Core
Total 26

 

2.2       Master of science (M.sc) degree programmes in crop protection

(a) Economic Entomology

 First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods (Design and Analysis of Experiments) 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 603 Soil-Borne Pests and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 605 Plant disease Epidemiology and Control 2    Elective
CSC 631 Weed Management 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles of Pest and Plant Disease Control 2    Elective
CSC 607 Insect Morphology and Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 25

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 672 Ecological Principles and Methods 2    Core
CSC 633 Principles and practices of Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 609 Insect Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 604 Insect Vectors of Plant Pathogens/Insect Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 612 Stored Products Entomology 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Projects 10  Core
Total 26

(b)       Plant Mycology

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 633 Principles of pastes and plant disease control 2    Elective
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 605 Plant disease Epidemiology and Control 2    Core
CSC 603 Soil-Borne Pests and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 653 Crop Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 606 Seed Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 608 Plant Mycology 2    Core
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 25

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 652 Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection 2    Elective
CSC 653 Ecological Principles and Methods 2    Core
CSC 633 Principles & Practices of Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 665  Principles of Crop and Pests Resistance 2    Elective
CSC 616 Ecology, Diagnosis of Management of diseases of Plant and its control 2    Elective
CSC 636 Physiology of Parasitism (Host-Parasite Relationship) 2    Elective
CCS 692 Research Projects 10  Core
Total 24

 

(c)        Plant Nematology

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 605 Plant disease Epidemiology and Control 2    Elective
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 603 Soil-Borne Pests and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 667 Principles of Biotechnology & its Application in Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 606 Seed Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 615 Plant Nematology 2    Core
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 23

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 652 Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection 2    Elective
CSC 653 Ecological Principles and Methods 2    Core
CSC 665  Principles of Crop and Pests Resistance 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles & Practices of Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 616 Ecology and Diagnosis of Diseases of Plants and its Control 2    Elective
CSC 618 Principles of Weed Science 2    Elective
CSC 636 Physiology of Parasitism (Host-Parasite Relationship) 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Projects 10  Core
Total 28

 

 

(d)       Plant Bacteriology

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods (Design and Analysis of Experiments) 2    Core
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 605 Plant disease Epidemiology and Control 2    Elective
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 603 Soil-Borne Pests and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 667 Principles of Biotechnology & its Application in Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 606 Seed Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 617 Plant Bacteriology 2    Core
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 23

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 652 Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection 2    Elective
CSC 653 Ecological Principles and Methods 2    Core
CSC 633 Principles AND Practices of Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 665 Principles of Crop and Pests Resistance 2    Elective
CSC 616 Ecology and Diagnosis & Management of Plant Bacteriology Disease of Plants 2    Elective
CSC 618 Principles of Weed Science 2    Elective
CSC 636 Physiology of Parasitism (Host-Parasite Relationship) 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Projects 10  Core
Total 28

(e)        Plant Virology

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 655 Research Techniques in Crop Physiology 2    Core
CSC 605 Plant disease Epidemiology and Control 2    Elective
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 603 Soil-Borne Pests and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 637 Physiology and Biochemistry of Herbicide Action 2    Elective
CSC 667 Principles of Biotechnology & its Application in Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 606 Seed Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 681 Seminar 2    Core
Total 21

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 652 Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection 2    Elective
CSC 665 Principles of Crop and Pests Resistance 2    Elective
CSC 653 Ecological Principles and Methods 2    Core
CSC 633 Principles & Practices of Pest Management 2    Elective
CSC 616 Ecology, Diagnosis & Management of Disease of Plants 2    Elective
CSC 636 Physiology of Parasitism (Host-Parasite Relationship) 2    Elective
CSC 619 Plant Virology 2    Core
CSC 604 Insect Vectors of Plant Pathogens/Insect Pathology 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Projects 10  Core
Total 28

 

  1. g) Weed Science

First Semester

  Course Structure Units
PGC 601 Research methodology and application of ICT in research 3   Core
CSC 671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments 2    Core
CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production 2    Core
CSC 611 Computer Application in Agriculture 2    Core
CSC 631 Weed Management 2    Elective
CSC 635 Research Methods in Weed Science 2    Elective
CSC 637 Physiology and Biochemistry of Herbicide Action 2    Elective
CSC 639 Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology 2    Elective
CSC 627 Seminar 2    Core
Total 19

 

 

Second Semester

  Course Structure Units
CSC 613 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition 2    Core
CSC 632 Plant Pathology 2    Core
CSC 634 Economic Entomology 2    Core
CSC 638 Weed Biology and Ecology 2    Elective
CSC 630 Parasitic and Aquatic Weeds and their Control 2    Elective
CSC 651 Crop Physiology 2    Elective
CSC 658 Pasture and Forage Crop Establishment and Management 2    Elective
CSC 633 Principles of Pest and Plant disease Control 2    Elective
CSC 692 Research Project 10   Core
Total 26

 

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

PGC 601: Research methodology and application of ICT in research (masters degree course)

In-depth research work aimed at acquiring full knowledge and presentations in scholarly writing of the concepts, issues, trends in the definition and development of the study area from African and Western perspectives. Major steps in research: Selection of problem, Literature review, Design, Data collection, analysis and interpretation, Conclusions, Study of various research designs, historical, case studies, surveys, descriptive, cross sectional, experimental, etc. Analysis, surveys and synthesis of conceptual and philosophical foundations of different disciplines. Identification of research problems and development of research questions and or hypotheses. Detailed treatment of methods of collecting relevant research data and the format for presenting research results (from designing the table of contents to referencing, bibliography and appendix). Data analysis and result presentation in different disciplines using appropriate analytical tools. Methods of project/dissertation writing. Application of appropriate advanced ICT tools relevant in every discipline for data gathering, analysis and result presentation. Essentials of Spreadsheets, Internet technology, and Internet search engines. All registered Masters Degree students must attend a solution – based interactive workshop to be organized by the School of Postgraduate Studies for a practical demonstration and application of the knowledge acquired from the course, conducted by selected experts.

CSC 601         Seed Biology                                                          3 units

What is a seed. The structure, anatomy and morphology of mature seeds. Seed development: a) flowering, ii) control of flowering, ii) flower development. fertilization – i) pollination, ii) double fertilization, iii) male sterility, iv) self-incompatibility. Early embryogenesis – i) embryogenesis, ii) endosperm development. mid embryogenesis – i) seed reserves – carbohydrates, ii) seed reserves – lipids, iii) seed reserves – proteins. Late embryogenesis – desiccation tolerance. Mature Seeds – i) Seed Morphology, ii) Seed Dispersal. Seed
Dormancy – types of dormancy, control of dormancy
– i) Plant Hormones, Phytochrome. Seed Germination: Imbibition – i) Water Uptake, ii) Oxygen Uptake; Germinative Events – i) Embryo Growth, ii) Endosperm Weakening; POST-Germinative Events – i) Reserve Mobilization, ii) Seedling Establishment. Seed Viability – Longevity and Deterioration Mechanisms. Importance of improved seeds. Differences between seeds, seedlings and grain. Seed and varietal classification. Varietal development and maintenance. Classes of seed: breeder, foundation and certified. Sources of various classes of seeds, NARIS -location and mandate crops.

CSC 602         Organic Horticulture                                                          2 units

Definition of organic horticulture, significance to health and environment, organic/inorganic manures impact on environment, organic manure practices, product quality assurance, biosafety certification, production packages for selected horticultural specialization fruits, vegetables and ornamentals, marketing local and export of organic horticultural products, environmental impact assessment, air, water, soil, vegetation. Soil organic matter, sources, properties, maintenance and roles in plant nutrition, soil and ecological life.

CSC 603         Soil-Borne Pests and their Control                                   2 units

Soil-borne insect pests. Soil as a medium for plant growth and habitat for insects; adaptations for living in the soil; classification of soil-borne insects. General ecology and biology of soil insects; termites, Scarabaeids, Lepidoptera, Coleopteran. Dispersal and spread of soil pests. Economic important/mode of damage to crops and pastures, crop loss assessment; influence of edaphic and environmental factors on soil borne disease and insect pest problems; effect of soil temperature, rainfall, moisture etc, on survival of soil pest interactions between soil pests. Principles and control of soil insects pests and diseases. Soil-borne diseases- Definition and types of soil-borne plant pathogens- fungi, bacteria, nematodes. Types and important of diseases and problems associated with soil pests: wilts seed rot, damping off and seedling blight. Root rot etc. various methods of dispersal, survival (temporal dispersal) structure mechanisms.

 CSC 604         Insect Vectors of Plant Pathogens/lnsect Pathology                       2 units

Study of insects transmi~sion of plant pathogens, interaction of plants, pathogen and vectors, and environmental influence. Infections and non-infections diseases of insects and factors predisposing insects to infection. Characterization of “major groups of insects pathogens. Infection process, pathogensis and host responses. Practical application of pathogens in suppression of agricultural pests.

 CSC 605         Plant Disease Epidemiology and Control                                  2 units

Definition of some terms and principles in epidemiology. Importance of epidemiology using some historic epidemic diseases as examples, The elements of an epidemic. How host-pathogen environmental, human and cultural practices affect the development of epidemics: inoculums build-up, potential, types, sources, amount. Dispersal: air-bome.vseed-borne, soil-borne, water-borne. Monocyclic and polycyclic processes. Derivations formulae for use in’ explaining some epidemiological principles: exponential infection rate, and corrected basic infection rate. The phases of an epidemics, equivalent and threshold theories, modeling of plant disease epidemics. Comparison of epidemics” computer simulations of epidemics and disease forecasting. Application of epidemiological principles in plant disease control. Laboratory and field recognition of plant diseases (fungal, bacterial, viral and nematodes).

CSC 606         Seed Pathology                                                            2 units

History of seed pathology. Common diseases of crop seeds. Factors that predispose seeds to infection. Damages caused by pathogens on seeds, impact of seed damages in seed production. Modern laboratory, field equipment and procedures used in seed pathological testing, special culture media and preparations, isolation techniques, inoculation techniques including pathogenicity tests. Control of seed-borne diseases.

CSC 607         Insect Morphology and Physiology                          2 units

The integument- cuticle, epidemics, basement membrane and cuticular appendages, insect growth and development- Ecdysis, metamorphosis and the concept of instars, regeneration, Histolysis and histogenesis. Arrested growth and diapauses; insect colouration; insect body structure – the head capsule, antennae, mouth parts, and feeding habits, the thorax, wings and flight in insects and insect locomotion, digestive system of an insect-gut, digestion and absorption, nutrition in insects, insect circulatory system, insect reproductive system, respiration, excretory system, nervous system in insect sensory response, insect behaviour, insect insects as most successful terrestrial animal, locomotion in insects.

CSC 608         Plant Mycology                                             2 units

Mushrooms (pluerotus, agaricus), taxonomy, variability and physiological specialization of fungal plant pathogens, causes of variability, fungal nutrition, and parasitism (its nature, origin, and evolution). Types of obligate and facultative parasitism, fungal diseases of crops, isolation and identification of antibiotic producing fungus.

CSC 609         Insect Ecology                                                            2 units

Introductory information, definition of insect ecology and environment, levels of organization in ecology, species population, species, biotic community, ecosystem biome and biosphere, life system concept, population theories- Nicholson, Andrewartha, Birch, Milne etc; characteristics of species, population, population dynamics, natality., mortality, movement as a cause of numerical change, factors influencing natality, factors influencing mortality; competition; intra and inter specific competition. Territoriality, competitive exclusion principle etc; life table concept, predator-prey and parasitoid-host relationship.

CSC 611         Computer Applications in Agriculture                               2 units

Introduction to computer hardware, software and operating systems. Microsoft office, data management and analysis packages. Internet connectivity, browsing, virtual libraries. Computer based modeling packages in Agricultural science. Statistical softwares in agricultural analysis (GENSTA T, SPSS, SAS, MINI-TAB, M-STATetc).

CSC 612         Stored Products Entomology                              2 units 

Seed storage systems. Insect pests of economic importance in stored products, Physiological processes in insect growth and development. Environmental factors that affect insect incidences, stored products pest management.

CSC 613         Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition                     2 units

Soil fertility in relation to physical and chemical characteristics of soils. Nutrient absorption and distribution in plants, effects of fertilizer and lime, C.E.C, organic matter and pH on nutrient availability and uptake, fertilizer use and technology.

CSC 614         Seed Enterprise & Quality Assurance                     2 units

Concept of seed quality, seed certification procedures and indicators, varietal development eligibility, seed multiplication; breeder, foundation and certified seeds, testing for germination and physical characteristics, viability tests, seed loss, moisture content and storage; physiological, pathological disorders, uniformity and stability; seed research and development. Definition of seed demand and supply systems, scales of enterprise – small, medium and large scale organization and models, private/public enterprise, merits and demerits, specific seed production enterprises (cereals, legumes, and tubers, clone, tissue, culture plants, marketing studies, government policy for seed enterprises production.

CSC 615         Plant Nematology                                           2 units

The relationship of nematodes to man’s environment: Nematode ecology and distribution in soil and water. Study of important diseases of plants caused by nematodes. Historical perspective, symptoms, diagnosis, host-parasite relationship, dissemination and control. Biology, life cycle and economic importance of Tylenchidae, Tylenchorhynchidae, Platylenchidae, Belonolamidae, Hoplolamidae, Heteroderidae, Aphlenchoidae, Dorylamidae, and free-living nematodes. Extraction handling, and identification of nematodes from soil and plants, special techniques for hatching, culturing etc .

CSC 616         Ecology and Diagnosis of Diseases of Plants and its Control             2 units

Taxonomy of plant parasitic nematodes, scientific and ordinary classifications, evolutionary
systematic, phonetic, experimental I numerical taxonomy. Morphology of plant parasitic nematodes, Host- parasitic relationships, pathogenicity tests. Types of parasitism/nematodes symptoms, life cycles of typical parasitic nematodes, Factors influencing host-parasite relationships, disease complexes, nematodes- distribution -vertical/horizontal: survival of plant parasitic nematodes: Nematological (Histo-pathological) techniques-sampling techniques, sample processing, identification of important genera under microscope, mounting of nematodes. Nematode control strategies.

 CSC 617         Plant Bacteriology                                   2 units

Classification of major plant pathogenic bacteria. Characteristic (morphological, cultural, physiologic and pathogenic) of major genera of phyto-pathogenic bacteria. Use of Bergey’s manual, bacterial pathogenesis, entry and multiplication in-vivo, Host pathogen recognition (the hypersentive). Role of enzymes toxins, plant growth regulars, resistance in plants to phyto-pathogenic bacteria.

CSC 618         Principles of Weed Science                          2 units

Evolution, structure, classification, distribution ecology and physiology of weeds, the establishment, growth development, reproduction and dispersal of weeds, useful and harmful aspects of weeds, collection. Handling and identification of weeds, classification of herbicides,herbicides behaviour in the soil and interaction of herbicides with soil microflora. Mechanism of herbicides action, basis of herbicide selectivity. Research methods in weed science.

CSC 619         Plant Virology                                       2 units

Theory:            Introduction, Definitions and organism infected by viruses. History of plant virology sympathology: transmission, .plant-viruses composition, structure, structural bonding forces, infection, replication, assembly and movement, behavior of viruses in mixed infections: purification: Epidemiology, serology, viral taxonomy, viroids and virusoids, physiology of plant virus interaction control of plant viruses, satellite viruses.

CSC 620  Advanced  Vegetable  Crops               2 units

CSC 621 Advanced Crop Production

Physiological origins of crop yield, Potential versus harvest yield and the role of environmental factors. Management practices employed in Crop production, farming systems – traditional and modern concepts, the eco-physiological consideration of multiple cropping, contemporary models in cropping systems and research methods.

CSC 622         Advances in Crop Production and Cropping Systems                 2 units

Origin and distribution of major cereal crops, sugar and fibres, pulses and oil seeds, vegetables and fruits, roots and tubers: soils and climate: cultivation practices in Nigeria and elsewhere: improved cultivars, seeds and sowing, nursery management and propagation (for fruits and vegetables), manures and fertilizers, irrigation, drainage, weed control and crop protection practices, harvesting and processing, uses and quality aspects. Definition of cropping systems, criteria for classifying cropping systems, types of cropping systems (shifting cultivation, crop rotation, cropping patterns, monocropping, sole cropping, mixed cropping/intercropping, agro-forestry), types of intercropping (row intercropping, strip intercropping, relay intercropping), advantages and disadvantages of intercropping, assessment of intercropping by land equivalent ratio, area x time equivalent ratio.

CSC 623         Crop Growth and Yield Analysis                             2 units

Dynamics of crops, factors limiting growth concept related to influence on growth; growth analysis concept, NAR, leaf area index, CGR & RGR, crop growth and distribution of photosynthetic products; analysis of principal limiting factors, attributes for characterizing genotypes, dry matter production and grain yield, photosynthates partitioning and translocation; partitioning of the assimilates; source and sink relationship; source and sink limitations, determination of economic yields, environmental and physiological control of crop yield; leaf photosynthesis in C3 and C4 species, development of yield capacity, environmental effects on grain yield.

CSC 624         Farming & Cropping Systems                            2 units

Systems concept in agriculture and farming system, definition of farming system, terminologies, classification of farming systems and their major criteria, peculiarities of the tropical environment and their resultant cropping system/sustainable farming systems. Traditional farming systems and their characteristics, cropping systems: sole cropping, monocropping, multiple/mixed intercropping systems, shifting cultivation, crop rotation, etc. types of intercropping: row intercropping, strip intercropping, relay/succession intercropping, advantages and disadvantages of intercropping/agro-forestry systems and their various types,
organic farming system.

CSC 625         Crop Mineral Nutrition                                      2 units

Concept of organic matter and its significance in agriculture, soil organic matter sources, properties, maintenance and roles in plant nutrition, soil and biological life, organic matter contents of different soils in Nigeria, the mechanism of nutrient absorption by plants. The essential nutrient elements, their functions, sources of availability and deficiency symptoms, other elements of biological importance found in plants, nutrient interactions. Plant tissue and soil testing, green houses and field techniques in nutritional investigations. Crop growth media. The mechanism of nutrient absorption by plants, The essential nutrient elements, their functions, sources availability and deficiency symptoms, other elements of biological importance found in plants. Nutrient interactions, Fertilizers and fertilizer compounding, Limes, liming and lime requirements and nutrient balance, Plant tissue and soil testing. Green-houses and field techniques in nutritional investigations. Use of plant tissue analysis in fertilizer advising. Role of mycorrhiza in crop nutrition.         physical environment in the field crops. Metabolic sinks and sources and their relationships. Physiological significance of internal water relations in yields; Biotechnology – engineering for higher yields.

CSC 626         Plant Breeding and Genetics                                       2 units

History and importance of crop breeding in agriculture. Classification of crop plants on the basis of mode of reproduction, means of pollination and their relationships to breeding methods. Mechanisms in favouring self and cross pollination in crops, their problems and usefulness in crop breeding. Genetic basis and methods of breeding self and cross pollinated crops. Role of environment and genotype inheritance of characters. Heritability arid methods of estimation. Hybridization, combining ability and diallel crosses. Selection intensity and advances. Selection under competition. Basic concepts of genetic engineering. The multiplication, evaluation, registration and distribution of improved crop varieties.

CSC 627         Seed Production and Certification                                       2 units

Definition of seed. Elements of Seed Improvement. Seed production technology. Physiology, maturation and dormancy of seeds. Environment and other factors affecting seed multiplication. Pollination – wind and insect. Pollination of FI hybrid seed production. Protection against foreign pollen. Isolation distance. Deterioration of seed stocks. Controlled multiplication. Cultural practices: plant protection, chemical application. Crop maturity and time of harvest. Seed certification. Contract growing philosophy, principles and applications. Seed Law and Enforcement through field inspection and laboratory testing for seed quality. Seed Programme in Nigeria. Problems of Seed Industry in Nigeria

Practicals: Dormancy breaking techniques. Application of pesticides and visit to commercial seed processing companies: National Seed Service and MANR, Familiarize students with seed processing, packaging and storage principles.

CSC 628 Seed Production, Processing and Storage Technology                   2 units

Definition of seed, production techniques, physiology, maturation and dormancy of seeds. Recalcitrant seeds, seed utility and quality; environmental factors affecting them, processing operations, machines by seed types, benefits, drying techniques, seed treatments, storage techniques and requirements, gene banks establishment and management. Pathological problems (seed health), monitoring, evaluation and control, seed handling, packaging, marketing and manpower training.

 CSC 629:        Forage Conservation                                                         2 units

Hay cuts and hay making; silage cuts and silage; making, foggage/stock pilling; drying, milling and pelletting of forage, silos and other storage materials.

CSC 630         Parasitic and aquatic Weeds and their Control                   3 units

Identification and classification’ of major parasitic weeds (Striga spp) and aquatic weeds (Water Hyacinth) of agricultural importance. Their physiology, life forms and distribution. Management of parasitic and aquatic weeds. Environmental impact of assessment of control measures.

CSC 631         Weed Management                                                 2 units

Evolution and classification of weeds, physio-chemical and abiotic factors affecting plants in natural plant commodities. Weed taxonomy and identification, description of major terrestrial and aquatic weeds prevalent in Nigeria. laboratory and field activities in’ weed collection and identification. General and specific effects of weeds on crops. Methods of weed control. Chemistry and mode of action of herbicides. Precautions and general regulations of herbicide usage.

CSC 632         Plant Pathology                                                            2 units

Nematode disease – gross morphology, life cycle and broad classification of plant parasitic nematodes: symptomatology and host-parasite relations in plant disease involving nematodes: nematode population dynamics influence on environment and. host crop: nematode disease control: bacterial diseases – broad classification of bacterial plant pathogens: bacterial diseases of plants including blight, wilts, soft rots, leaf spots: bacterial diseases of important crops such as legumes and cassava: methods of control of bacterial diseases: viral diseases – nature of plant viruses: classification of plant pathogenic viruses: major groups of viral diseases – masoacs (YMT), Yellow (Aster yellows) and ring spot viruses: mode of virus diseases spread and methods of virus disease.

CSC 633         Principles of Pest and Plant Disease Control                            2 units

An overview of crop protection as a discipline that assembles all available resources of efficient and economic control of pests and disease problem. General principles in both pests and disease control. Methods of integrating both areas of control. Practical means for achieving on the field a high standard of crop protection control. Preventive IPM strategies: Curative IPM strategies; Basic principles of chemical crop control safety measures, concept and definition of pests and diseases in agricultural crops, survey of insects and pathogens of importance in crop production in the tropics.             The concept of pest management; economics of pest control, pest control strategies – chemical, biological, third generation pesticides 9pheromones, growth regulators, autosterity), host plant resistance, integrated pest management (IPM).

CSC 634         Economic Entomology                                          2 units

The importance of insects to man, A survey of insects that are of agricultural importance in crop production in the tropics, economic principles and consequences of crop losses to the farmer, consumer and society, characteristics of insects that make them successful, principles of insect control in field and storage by chemical, biological and integrated methods, pest monitoring and forecasting; techniques for survey of insect pest infestation and evaluation of insect damage and losses in the field. Quantitative relationships among pests population, crop growth. Rational concept of crop loss assessment for improving crop production, the concept of economic threshold (ET), economic injury level, economic damage.

CSC 635         Research Methods in Weed Science                                            2 units

Weed taxonomy and identification, description of major terrestrial and aquatic weeds prevalent in the area. Essential elements of laboratory, green hoise and field experimentation in weed science. Experimental designs, data collection, processing and reporting. Recent research trends in weed science, present and future weed control strategies for developing nations. Modem techniques in determing herbicide, absorption, metabolism degeneration, selectivity, mode of action. Herbicide formations, application, physiology and biochemistry.

CSC 636         Physiology of Parasitism (Host -Parasite Relationship)                           2 units

Definition of terms used in plant disease physiology; Entry of bacteria and fungi into plants. Mechanisms of pathogenesis – Cell wall degrading enzymes, Toxins associated with necrosis; Effect of disease on the physiology of host plant – Respiration, Photosynthesis, plant growth regulations, water relations/vascular wilts; Specificity and recognition in host-pathogen interaction – Mechanisms of specificity, Hypersensitivity reaction, phytoalexins, mechanism of recognition, incompatibility. Resistance in plants to pathogens – pre- formed resistance factors (Structural, Anti-microbial substances); Induced resistance factors (Concept of induced resistance, structural/physical, chemical, hypersensitive reaction). Alterations in plant growth patterns. Substances involved in vascular wilts, res.

CSC 637         Physiology and Biochemistry of Herbicide Action                      2 units

Herbic3ide classification, formulation, mode of action and application. Behavior of herbicides with emphasis on uptake, translocation and metabolism in plants: herbicide behaviour in soil and interaction of herbicides with soil micro-organism fauna. Effect of herbicides on plant growth, morphologenesis, plant composition, metabolism, endogen regulator systems, biophysical and biochemical processes. Mechanism of herbicide action. Basis of herbicide selectivity and fundamental approaches to the design of herbicides.

CSC 638         Weed Biology and Ecology                            2 units

Ecology and biology of important weeds, methods species perpetuation; reproduction, vegetative propagation and dispersal’; weed-crop association, effects of growth and yield competition for nutrients, moisture and light; weed spectrum/community under different ecological zones. Effect of herbicides on ecosystems; evaluation of major ecological factors involved in the use of herbicides, weed control in important crops in Nigeria, aquatic, weeds and their control. Obnoxious weeds.

CSC 639         Pesticide Biochemistry, Toxicology and Application Technology                  2 units

History of pesticide usage, chemistry and mode of action of different classes of pesticides. Metabolism in target and non-target organisms and in the environment, toxicology, analytical, laboratory and field techniques for the determination of pesticides residue in plant tissues, soil, air surface and underground waters, pesticides pollution and pollution control. Pesticides formulations (sprays, dusts, granules, Aerosols, Fumigants, Encapsulated materials, fertilizer/ pesticide combinations, barts etc). Insecticides (organic and inorganic) herbicides (organic and inorganic) fungicides / bactericides (organic and inorganic forms). Nematicides, rodenticides etc. problems associated with use of pesticides.

 CSC 641    Plant Propagation Techniques                                          2 units

Techniques of propagation. by cutting, grafting and budding – types of cuttings, sources of cutting materials, rooting media, treatment of cuttings with auxins and other growth hormones, care of cuttings during rooting, types of grafts, requirements for successful grafting, aftercare of grafted plants, types of budding, importance and utilization of budding, rootstock for budding, principles of tissue culture and micropropagation – types of tissue culture system, control of the tissue culture environment, variation in micropropagated plants, uses for micropropagation, disadvantages of micropropagation, general laboratory facilities and procedures, micropropagation procedures.

CSC 642  Plantation Crops                                        2 Units

 A study of the general principles and practice of tree-crop culture and their relation to underlying sciences. Topics to be covered include Economics, History, Distribution, Botany, growth, propagation, production, processing and uses of major tropical tree crops and crop products.

CSC 643     Fruit and Vegetable Crop Production                                 2 units

Origin and classification of fruits, nutrient and water management, factors limiting fruit production, physiology of flowering, pollination, fruit set and development, physiological disorders, causes and remedies, maturity indices. Classification of vegetables, nutritional and medicinal values of vegetables, nursery management, yield and quality as influenced by chemicals and growth regulators, role of organic manures, inorganic fertilizers and micronutrients, nutritional deficiencies, disorders and control measures, harvesting, grading, packaging and storage techniques for fruits and vegetables.                                                   

CSC 644  Tropical Ornamental Horticulture and Land Scope                 2 units

Concepts and techniques of landscape plant production and utilization with special reference to the tropics. Domestication and improvement of ornamental plants. Floricultural crop production and indoor environment. Protected cultivation, and lawn grass species. Establishment and maintenance of turfgrasses.

CSC 645 Nursery Principles and Practices                                                            2 units

CSC 646 Tropical Pomology                                                                                    2 units

CSC 651 Crop Physiology                                                                                        2 units

Crop growth as a resultant of all physiological processes, inherent patterns of growth and development. Plant metabolic processes; Quantitative analysis of crop growth and development; Effects of cultural and environmental factors; Regulation of growth and development; Growth correlations; Developmental physiology of selected leaf, storage organ, fruit and seed crops; potential productivity of (a) existing crops (b) model crops; Methods of study and interpretation of the physical environment of and in filed crops.

CSC 652         Post Harvest Handling Processing and Storage Protection            2 units

Concept of storage and Food Security: morphology and physiology of stored commodities. Losses and factors affecting produce/products deterioration; Casual agents of deterioration; Influence of temperature and relative humidity; preservation (mechanical, refrigeration, vacuum cooling, liquid nitrogen and gas storage, volcanic storage, etc), drying and storage methods; post harvest handling and processing of produce; pests of stored produce/products – insects, mites, pathogens, rodents, birds, etc. classification of stored products arthropods and pathogens; morphology, distribution, biology and economic importance. Detection and monitoring of arthropods and pathogens on stored commodities; Storage structures and designs (ventilated and hermetic). Packaging and Environment; Seed pathology and management, pest control strategies in storage. Diseases of stored produce; Disease control strategies in storage.

CSC 653 Crop Ecology                                                                       2 units 

Climatic, biotic and adaphic factors which affect adaptation, distribution and productivity of crop plants; Growth and development patterns of crops. Factors of light (intensity and duration), temperature, moisture, soil and nutrition in relation to crop production. Vernalization in crop production, crop adaptation to stress conditions; measurements of yield and productivity; problems of crop production in humid tropics.

CSC 654 Grassland Productivity                                     2 units

Species adaptation and productivity of tropical forage species; pasture establishment and cutting management; grass/legume mixtures and productivity. Nitrogen fixation and N-economy of tropical forage legumes; fertilization and general management practices for increased productivity of natural and sown pastures; grazing management in relation to pasture productivity; forage crop conservation.

CSC 655 Techniques in Crop Physiology                                                2 units                                                     

Solution culture techniques; Environmental factors – measurements and control in glasshouses, growth room and growth cabinets; plant growth analysis; Measurements and interpretation of the physical environments of crops; Methods in carbondioxide assimilation (photosynthesis) respiration and stomatal movements and their interrelations; Chemical analysis of plant tissues and data interpretation; Chromatographic techniques.

CSC 656:        Quality Evaluation of Pastures                              2 units

  • Digestibility – determination
  • crude protein content – determination
  • fibre content – determination
  • Nutrient contents (minerals) – determination
  • forage acceptability – determination
  • forage intake – determination

CSC 657 Post-harvest Physiology                                                   2 units

Field cultural treatments in relation to post-harvest physiological disorders. Packing house and transit handling and storage life. Methods of preservation. Major ways of prolonging storage life: mechanical refrigeration, vacuum cooling, liquid nitrogen and gas storage. Measurement of heat, moisture loss, respiration, respiratory Quotient and Climacteric      Post harvest deterioration and losses, respiration, ethylene and other plant hormones – role in senescence, ethylene and fruit ripening, compositional changes during maturation and ripening, transpiration and water loss, physiological disorders, temperature management – cooling methods and principles, handling, transportation, distribution and marketing.

CSC 658         Pasture and Forage Crop Establishment and Management                      2 units

Evaluation of species adaptation and productivity of tropical forage crop; Productivity of natural and sown pastures; Grass legume mixtures; Nitrogen fixation by tropical forage legume; Fertilization, irrigation and general management practices for increased productivity of natural and sown pastures.

CSC 659 Horticultural Methods                               2 units

Nursery production – location of the nursery, site preparation, nursery structures, types of nursery production, nursery tools, growing media – types of growing media, sterilization of growing media, problems associated with sterilization of growing media, watering, fertilizer application, containers for growing pot plants, controlled environment facilities and their operation – greenhouse design and construction, internal environmental control, importance of greenhouses in plant production, principles of landscaping, types of landscaping, elements of design, fertilization and watering of trees and shrubs in the landscape, pruning of landscape trees and shrubs.

CSC 661 Biometrical Genetics                                                        2 units                                                                    

Elementary Statistics. Elements of Matrix Algebra. Variance and Covariance Analysis. Path Analysis. Scaling Test and Components of Generation Means. Dialysis. Analysis of Partial Dialled. Three-way Cross Analysis. Analysis of North Caroline Designs. Classificatory Analysis-Metroglyph and Index Score method D2 statistics stability method. Simultaneous Selection Models.

CSC 662 Plant Biotechnology                                                      2 units

Plant tissue culture and applications. Micropropagations, somatic embryogenesis, somaclonal vanatrons. Chemicals and plant interactions. Application of genetic engineering in crop improvement, herbicide resistance insect resistance, environmental tolerance, virus resistance and agricultural food production.

CSC 663 Plant Genetic Resource Conservation                                    2 units

Genetic basis for evolution of cultivated plants. PGR ‘concepts and principles. Importance of plant genetic resources. Genetic variation and their sources. Centres of diversity. Strategies for formal and informal PGR conservation, development and management. Management of genebanks, living botanical collections, natural reserves and in situ conservation areas. conservation of resources through biotechnology. Policy issues relating to PGR conservation and use.

 CSC 665         Principles of Crop and Pests Resistance                             2 units

Concepts of crop and pest resistance. Genetic basis for resistance variations (crop / pests) detection and stability of host resistant genes. Management of host resistance genes.

CSC 666 Cytogenetics                                                                      2 units

Relationship between plant breeding and genetical science, Cytogenetic Basis of Plant Breeding- variations in individual chromosome, variations in chromosome number, cytoplasmic inheritance and related phenomena. Modes of reproduction in plans- description and identification of various modes, Heriditary and environmental factors affecting mode of reproduction, plant breeding problems associated with mode of reproduction. Origin of the plant breeders material – Indigenous materials and introductions, centres of diversity and/or origin, VaviIov’s and Harlan’s works, origin of crop species, collections of potential parental materials. Interspecific Hybridization- barriers to hybridization, cytogenetic basis of hybrid sterility, genetic disability of F2 and later generations, methods of utilizing interspecific hybrids. Analysis and managing of discontinuous variation: Patterns of discontinuous variation, testing hypotheses, binomial, x2 and other tests, estimation of linkage intensities, development and use of near isogeruc lines. Mutation breeding- genetic basis of mutation, methods of mutation breeding

CSC 667 Principles of Biotechnology & its Application in Pest Management          2 units

Definition of terms in Biotechnology; introduction to recombinant. DNA technology; ; methods in biotechnology -protein based and nucleic acid-based methods, Tissue culture; Gene cloning and sequencing, molecular markers, Goals / Benefits of genetically – modified plants; Bio-ethics and Biosafety

CSC 668         Molecular techniques for Crop Improvement                               2 units

Gene and gene expression and silencing PCR based. Methods of detecting variation in the geneome, AFLP, SNPS etc, gene sequencing and gene cloning. Detection and statistical analysis of quantitative trait loci. Reverse -PCR and gene products.

CSC671 Statistical Methods, Design and Analysis of Experiments                             2 units                    

Basic ideas about statistical inference and test of hypothesis, planning of experiments, collection, presentation and summarization of data, randomization, replication, sub-sampling and unequal-sample size, experimental error, error control, standard deviation and standard error of means, coefficient of variability (C.V.)-define, introduction to  statistical computer software’s; Statistical Analysis System (SAA), Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS), GENSTAT, BIPLOT, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and other Computer Software programmes/packages, etc., survey of experimental designs, and analysis of variance (ANOVA), assumptions of ANOVA, linear additive model(s), expected mean squares (EMS), Latin Squire (LS), and Split-Plot designs, missing data, incomplete block designs, detection of difference between treatment means, application of Fisher’s least significant difference (F-LSD = LSD), Duncan’s new multiple range test (DNMRT), Honest significant difference (HSD), or Turkey’s W-procedure and Dunnett’s test, comparison-wise and experiment-wise error rates, factorial experiments, linear model for factorial experiments, single-degree of freedom comparisons, individual degrees of freedom, equally spaced treatments, orthogonal comparisons, and response surface analysis, confounding in factorial experiments. Repeated measures design(s), simple linear, regression and correlation, coefficients analyses, non-linear relations, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), data transformation and non-parametric techniques, combining of experiments, location and/or years or seasons, Bartlett’s test, etc., design and analysis of rotation experiments.

CSC 672         Ecological Principles and Methods                                   2 units

Ecological principles and methods with particular reference to the study of insect population. Physical and biotic factors affecting abundance and distribution of insects and their interrelationships. . Population interaction; predator-prey and host-parasitoid relationship and life table. Insect surveys and assessment of damage.

CSC 675         Seed Technology                                            2 units

Elements of seed industry. Climatic and other requirements for seed multiplication. pollination- Fl hybrid seeds. Controlled multiplication. Determination of seed stocks. Protection against foreign pollen, isolation distances. Contract growing-Philosophy, principles and applications. Seed packaging principles, types and coat implications. seed marketing principles and objectives. Marketing organization and management. Sampling of agricultural seeds-types and techniques. seed blending procedures and calculations. Seed laws. Plant Breeder’s rights. Seed programme development implication and evaluation.

Practicals: Purity analysis, seed viability and vigour. Sampling techniques-primary samples, composite- submitted and working samples. Seed health testing. Seed packaging. Types and

CSC 681       Seminar                             2 units

Students in consultation with the supervisors should present a scheduled Departmental postgraduate seminar on current and relevant topics. The entre Departmental postgraduate lecturers should endeavour to attend and grade the seminar.

CSC 692         Project                                            10 units

Research is carried out in the area of specialization under a supervisor or supervisors and submission of bound copies of dissertation/thesis for external and internal examiners in preparation for the dissertation or thesis defence.